Causes of Gum Recession
- Periodontal disease: Bacterial gum infections destroy the gum tissue as well as supporting bone that holds the teeth in place. Gum disease is the leading cause of gum recession.
- Genes: Studies show that 30% of the population may have a predisposition for gum disease. This means that, regardless of personal oral hygiene, a person’s genetics can make them more susceptible to the condition.
- Aggressive tooth-brushing: Brushing the teeth too hard or the wrong way can not only wear away the enamel on the teeth, but can also cause the gums to recede.
- Insufficient dental care: Failing to properly clean the teeth with regular brushing, flossing, and rinsing with antibacterial mouthwash allows plaque to remain on the teeth and harden into tartar, a harmful substance to the teeth and gums.
- Tobacco products: Users of tobacco products are more likely to have sticky plaque on their teeth.
One possible treatment for gum recession is gum regeneration. If the bone supporting the teeth has been destroyed, this procedure can help to regenerate lost bone and tissue. For this procedure, the dentist will fold back the gum tissue and remove all bacteria. A regenerative material, such as a membrane, graft tissue, or tissue-stimulating protein, will then be placed in the area. This material will encourage the body to naturally regenerate bone and tissue. Once the regenerative material is placed, the gum tissue will be secured over the root of the tooth or teeth.